Documentation of the Polish Military Organisation

The history of the Polish secret military organisation The records of the Polish Military Organisation contain documents which enable the tracing of the history and operation of this secret paramilitary sabotage and intelligence unit. This paved the way for independent Poland and later became a model for another underground organisation – the Home Army. This […]

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Records collection – the Supreme National Committee

How the Polish Legions were created Galicia and Cracow played a significant role in the process of restoring Poland’s independence. One of the initiatives to achieve this goal was the establishment of the Supreme National Committee in 1914 in Cracow. Its creation took place during the meeting of the Polish Circle in the Austrian parliament, […]

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A poster “Regency Council to the Polish Nation!”

A poster documenting the moment Józef Piłsudski took over power The Regency Council of the Kingdom of Poland was established on 12th September 1917 on the basis of patents issued by German and Austrian governors. It was composed of Count Józef Ostrowski, Archbishop Aleksander Kakowski and Duke Zdzisław Lubomirski. The Council was to exercise supreme […]

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The decree of the Regency Council regarding the protection of monuments of art and culture

The first Polish legal act regulating the issue of monument protection At the beginning of the rebirth of the Polish state after 123 years of partitions, the Regency Council of the Kingdom of Poland together with the government operating in Warsaw were confronted with many social, economic and political problems that needed immediate resolution. The […]

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Henryk Sienkiewicz Trylogia (Trilogy) – autographs of the novels Ogniem i mieczem (With Fire and Sword), Potop (The Deluge), Pan Wołodyjowski (Colonel Wolodyjowski)

To kindle hope The Trilogy of Henryk Sienkiewicz, consisting of the novels Ogniem i mieczem (With Fire and Sword), Potop (The Deluge), and Pan Wołodyjowski (Colonel Wolodyjowski), is a timeless cultural and social phenomenon. The unwaning popularity of the “novels of the past” by Sienkiewicz and their impact on successive generations of Poles started immediately […]

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The resolution of the joint parliament chambers regarding the introduction of the national cockade

The first Polish legal act regulating the issue of national colours The combination of white and red had already appeared in the Polish symbolic tradition in the Middle Ages, but for centuries there were no customary or legal norms in that regard. These colours appeared in various configurations and in combination with other colours. White […]

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The Cracow Scientific Society as the beginning of the Polish Academy of Learning

A unique testimony to the history of Polish science The period of partitions was an extremely difficult time for Polish science. Unrestrained research, as well as the continuity of research in particular branches of knowledge, were out of the question. Under those circumstances, the Cracow Scientific Society, operating between 1815 and 1872, undertook the arduous […]

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Stefan Żeromski Przedwiośnie (First Spring) – bound manuscript, autograph

Through “glass houses” to independent Poland Przedwiośnie by Stefan Żeromski, published in 1925, is one of the most important Polish socio-political novels of the 20th century. Since its publication it has aroused keen interest among commentators and interpreters. The novel has an exceptional position among the works of the popular author, being also a literary […]

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[Józef Pawlikowski] Czy Polacy wybić się mogą na niepodległość?
(Can Poles win their independence?)

A unique copy of the first edition of the famous political brochure The answer to the question “Can Poles win their independence?” put forward in the title of this modest, 60-page political brochure was sought after for many decades of partitions of Poland by generations of insurrectionists, political and social activists, and artists. A positive […]

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