Warsaw Scientific Society Archives, 1907

A testimony to the reconstruction of the structure of Polish scholarly life in the early 20th century Founded in 1907, the Warsaw Scientific Society sought to support scientific research and publish the outcome of scientific projects in the Polish language. Before the WWI, the Society was the largest scientific institution within the Russian part of […]

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Case over Lake Morskie Oko, the second half of the 19th and early 20th century

Determination and perseverance in serving the nation The legacy of the eminent social activist count Władysław Zamoyski is a story of a hard-fought dispute to keep the most picturesque spot of the Tatra mountains – the Lake Morskie Oko along with its surroundings – within the Polish part of Galicia. The originally private argument grew […]

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Political Testament of Prince Adam Jerzy Czartoryski, 14.07.1861

Independence of nations and federalism as foundations of the international order The Political Testament was created within the last two days of life of the Prince Adam Jerzy Czartoryski, the greatest leader of the Polish state of the post-partition day. The Prince was one of the most eminent figures of the then diplomatic world. Trusting […]

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Kazimierz Stronczyński’s Description and Views of Antique Monuments in the Kingdom of Poland, 1844-1855

The records of Poland’s and Europe’s first state-run process of cataloguing historical objects Description and Views of Antique Monuments… is a great piece recording historical objects in the Kingdom of Poland that helped the nation maintain its national awareness at the time of partitions. Created with full approval of the Tsar authorities, it consists of […]

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On the Repair of the Commonwealth, Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski, 1551

A vision of an ideal Republic of Poland providing for harmonious social development An opus magnum of Andrzej Frycz Modrzejewski, a political writer, thinker and moralist, provides an in-depth analysis of the political system of Poland and a concept of a thorough reform of the political life, legislation, education and relationship with the Church. The […]

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Łaski’s Statute, 1506

The first official collection of laws to have been printed in Poland Łaski’s Statute is the first complete collection of laws within the Kingdom of Poland to have been printed. The print was ordered by the king Aleksander Jagiellończyk and originated by the Chancellor Jan Łaski, the later Archbishop of Gniezno and the Primate of […]

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Missal of the Teutonic Order / Library of the St. Mary’s Church, 15th century

A testimony to the religious and cultural life of Pomeranians in Middle Ages  and modernity Daring back to the late 14th century, the Jagiellonian Library has a collection of great manuscripts gathered by clergymen between Middle Ages and modernity. The collection mostly comprises mediaeval legal, theological, medical and philosophical manuscripts, including a 15th-century Teutonic missal […]

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The foundation act of the Prussian Association, 14.03.1440

A document attesting to the foundation of the Prussian Association of towns and knights in the defence against the Teutonic Order The Prussian Association comprised representatives of the knighthood and large cities of Prussia. Its foundation had a significant impact on the history of Poland and Central Europe as it changed the setup of political […]

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The Krewo Act, 14.08.1385

An act that initiated a closer relationship between Poland and Lithuania Written on parchment paper in Latin, the document marked the beginning of Christianization of Lithuania and its closer relationship with Poland. The process was crowned by establishing the Union of Lublin in 1569, which led to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, a state with a common […]

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Document of fundation and endowment for Cistercianabbey in Łekno, 1153

The oldest legal act drawn up in Poland It is a unique mediaeval object of Poland’s written and oral culture but also part of scholarly life and religious thought of the Polish elites. The leitmotif of the document is “the holy exchange, with one giving up their earthly belongings and receiving the eternal ones.” In […]

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