The Records of the Underground Polish State from the period of the January Uprising (1861-1864)

The documents present the nation’s aspirations to restore the sovereign state of Poland, which had been eradicated as a result of the three Partitions. The January Uprising of 1863 to 1865 not only became a symbol of the Poles’ patriotism and their readiness to fight for the preservation of all things Polish, but also evoked […]

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Ignacy Jan Paderewski’s Memorandum of 17th January 1917 to the President of the United States of America, Woodrow Wilson, in respect of Poland and her Independence

It was not only military action which played a major role in Poland’s endeavours to regain independence, but also diplomatic efforts. Ignacy Jan Paderewski’s memorandum to Woodrow Wilson, the President of the United States of America, which was drawn up at the request of Colonel Edward Mandell House, is a document of extraordinary significance in […]

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A Brief and Precise Description of the Administration and Conditions in the Wieliczka and Bochnia Salt Mines in the Year of Christ 1518

A Brief and Precise Description of the Administration and Conditions in the Wieliczka and Bochnia Salt Mines in the Year of Christ 1518 is a document drawn up by Stanisław Tarnowski of Nieszawa, a clerk at the Wieliczka salt mine. It was instigated by Jan Boner, the steward of the Jagiellonian treasury and administrator of […]

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The Municipal Charter of the City of Krakow

Dated 5th June 1257, the Municipal Charter of the City of Krakow is one of the oldest and most valuable documents in the holdings of the National Archives in Krakow. The document was issued by Bolesław V the Chaste, Duke of Krakow and Sandomierz, son of Leszek I the White and the last representative of […]

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The Świętokrzyskie Sermons

The Świętokrzyskie Sermons comprise the oldest extant prose text in the Polish language. In all likelihood, the document was created in the first half of the fourteenth century within a Benedictine community. The original sermons were most probably written in the second half of the thirteenth century, with the extant manuscript being either a copy, […]

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The Chronicle of Gallus Anonymus. The Zamojski Codex

Known as The Chronicle of Gallus Anonymus, the Gesta principum Polonorum (Deeds of the Princes of Poland), a source of unique importance to the history of mediaeval Poland, this, the oldest extant Polish chronicle, was created at the court of Prince Bolesław III the Wrymouth around 1112 to 1116. It is the work an anonymous […]

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The Belarusian Tristan, a manuscript codex containing the Belarusian version of the Tristan and Isolde legend and dating from the fourteenth to the sixteenth century

The legend of Tristan the Knight, told in its Belarusian form, comprises part of a codex dating from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, where it is set alongside other tales, chronicles and extracts from various documents, as well as a miscellany of notes, documents and records tracing the lineage of the Unichowski family, who were […]

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Jan Długosz “Banderia Prutenorum”

The manuscript was created in Krakow in 1448 during the conflict between Poland and the Teutonic Knights of the Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem, a conflict which had been progress for years. The manuscript contains illustrations depicting fifty-six of the vexillae, or banners, borne by the Teutonic Knights […]

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The Autograph of Adam Mickiewicz’s “Pan Tadeusz”

Adam Mickiewicz’s poem was written between 1832 and 1834 in Paris, where it was published by Aleksander Jelowocki. The first Polish edition of Pan Tadeusz appeared in Toruń in 1858, produced by the municipal printing house leased by Ernst Lambeck. The national epic in twelve volumes, written in a thirteen-syllable metre, is one of Polish […]

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The Golden Evangelion of Gniezno – Codex Aureus Gnesnensis

In all likelihood, the Codex Aureus, or Golden Evangelion of Gniezno, was created in the late eleventh century and was used right up until the nineteenth century in the liturgy of the Mass celebrated by the archbishops of Gniezno, who have also held the title and rank of Primate of Poland since the fifteenth century. […]

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